This is a preparatory course for students to write the Transport Canada “THERMODYNAMICS 1st Class” examination paper towards their Transport Canada 1st Class “Motor” Certificate of Competency. All topics covered in this course are listed in TP 2293E under 26.5 – THERMODYNAMICS (EXAMINATION CODE: 1H-H), and these are: Calculations of expansion of solids and liquids; Entropy and enthalpy; Relationship of pressure, volume, and temperature in isothermal and adiabatic expansions; Internal combustion engine cycles and efficiencies; Turbine blade flow diagrams; Heat flow in turbines; Exhaust gas analysis and refrigeration.
2nd Class Engineering Certificate (steam and/or motor).
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At the end of this course, the student will be able to perform calculations to determine:
Solve problems of entropy, enthalpy, specific energy, reversibility, and irreversibility.
Apply the first and second laws of thermodynamics to solve engineering problems for closed and open systems under steady-state, transient conditions, and power cycles.
Use thermodynamic tables, charts, and the ideal gas law to obtain appropriate thermodynamic data to solve problems.
Solve problems on heat transfer via convection, conduction, and radiation.
Solve problems using Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, and their Combined law.
Analyze gas conditions using the characteristic equation, the universal gas constant, Avogadro’s hypothesis and Daltons law of partial pressures.
Solve problems on heat energy transferred, the change in internal energy, and the work done by a gas in a closed system for polytropic, adiabatic, and isothermal processes.
Determine compression index “n” for expansion and compression of perfect gases (Pvn = C).
Define mean effective pressure, indicated power, brake power, and mechanical efficiency for an internal combustion engine, and use a Morse test to determine indicated power
Calculate thermal efficiencies and cardinal points for the ideal cycles specific fuel consumption and heat balance of an internal combustion engine.
Calculate work done and power required to compress air in single and multi-stage air compressors, with or without clearance.
Quantify the behaviour of power plants based on the Rankine cycle, including the effect of enhancements such as superheat, reheat, and regeneration.
Calculate the refrigerator capacity, coefficient of performance of a vapor compression refrigeration cycle, and heat pump systems.
Solve problems of wet, dry, and superheated steam using ASME steam tables, the temperature/entropy, and the Mollier enthalpy/entropy chart.
Calculate dryness fraction of steam using throttling, separating, and combined calorimeter.
Calculate velocity of steam exiting a nozzle, critical pressure ratio, and isentropic efficiency.
Calculate the vector quantities in impulse turbine velocity diagrams, velocity compounding in impulse turbines, and forces on turbine blades.
Calculate boiler capacity and efficiency.
Effective as of Winter 2016
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